Changi International Airport ( Singapore Changi Airport ) ( IATA: SIN, ICAO: WSSS ) is a major aviation hub in Asia, particularly in South-East region and is the main airport in Singapore. Located in the Changi area of 17.2 km from north-eastern commercial center and occupies an area of 13 square kilometers.
The Changi International Airport Singapore operated by Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) and is the base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia Airways, Valuair, and Jett8 Airlines Cargo. It is a hub for Garuda Indonesia, and a secondary hub for Quantas , for which Singapore is a major stopover on the way from Australia to Europe. According to April 2008, a week runs about 4,340 flights 80th airline in more than 116 cities in 59 countries. The airport is an important contributor to the economy of Singapore (more than 4.5 billion Singapore dollars) and the employer for 13 000 people.
In 2007 the airport received 36,701,556 passengers, which is 4,8% more than in 2006. This put him in 19th place in the list of airports serviced by the number of passengers. Also the airport is the busiest on the number of cargo, which, according to 2007 amounted to 1.89 million tons.
January 9 opened a third terminal, the construction of which lasted 1.75 billion Singapore dollars. Terminals 1 and 2 will be updated. To update the terminal 2 out 240 million Singapore dollars. In 2006, 45 million Singapore dollars has been built yet another – the budget terminal.
Since its opening in 1981 the airport has become an example in the aviation industry, having received over 280 awards for a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007. C award in the 19-time title of world’s best airport, Changi International Airport Singapore is doing its best to maintain the highest level of service, making periodic updates of the terminal building and additional buildings.
To receive an Airbus A380 at the airport were carried out activities worth 60 million Singapore dollars. 19 gates were built to receive double-deck aircraft, eight of them – in Terminal 3. Were increased baggage belts, runways and taxiways were built two parking lots for trucks and two remote aircraft parking for aircraft. Measures have been taken to provide additional security against possible terrorist. November 11, 2005 became the first airport outside Europe, where the A380 landed in order to test the capabilities of the airport to receive the aircraft, as the world’s first triple-used passenger gangway to board the plane.
During the construction of Changi Airport took into account the issue of transporting passengers to and from the airport, was built for the East Coast Parkway, the road connecting the airport to the city center. The length of the highway about 20 km, it is built on a plot of land filled up, so managed to avoid the destruction of the road network of the eastern coast of Singapore.
The three main passenger terminals are located near each other and are adjacent, so if you want to get passengers can walk between them, however for quick and easy movement of a system of Skytrain. This system was modernized in 2007 and was extended to Terminal 3. This rail system is not connected to the Budget Terminal.
Skytrain links Terminals 1, 2 and 3, the only route to seven stations. There are separate cars for the transit of passengers and for flying in or out of Singapore. We construct a system was in 1990 for communication between Terminals 1 and 2 trains to Bombardier CX-100, in 2006 was upgraded technology Mitsubishi and in 2007 extended to Terminal 3. How to get free and is possible from 5:30 to 2:30 daily. Between the Budget Terminal Terminal 2 free shuttle buses. In addition, free shuttle buses depart every 20 minutes at a time when not working Skytrain; they carry out flights between all four terminals.
Between Terminals 2 and 3 is the station from which trains Mass Rapid Transit. Direct single-track railway with its suburbs and the western parts of Singapore was opened February 8, 2002 (in Terminal 2). It has been replaced by modern shuttles July 22, 2003, , however, download on this site remains small in comparison with passenger traffic of the Pasir Tampinesa and Fig. Need cross-platform transfer station Tana Mera (Tanah Merah) in order to take advantage of the entire network of MRT. Road in the suburbs of Singapore usually takes 27 minutes, excluding waiting time and transplantation.
Before the opening of the MRT station main mode of transport to and from the airport were buses. Low exercise SBS Transit and SMRT Buses, they go from the bus station, located near each of the three main terminals, and from the station Airport Boulevard, which is associated with the Budget Terminal, passing through the loop by all terminals.
Taxi stands are located near each of the three main terminals and near the Budget Terminal.